KHAN KHENTII MOUNTAIN NATIONAL PARK
This is the native land of Genghis Khan and contains many important historical and cultural sites. The park is landscape of transition from Siberian taiga forest to grass steppe. Khan Khentii Mountain National Park is one of the Mongolian natural and historical treasures, declared by UNESCO as world heritage site. Khan Khentii is covered with forests, taiga, and mountain forest steppe. The Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area is located in the Khentii Mountains uul (including territory of Batshireet and Umnudelger sum of Khentii province, Mungunmorit, Batsumber and Erdene sum of Tuv province, Mandal and Eroo sum of Selenge province) and covers 12,270km2. The highest point of Khentii mountains is the peak of Asraltkhairkhan Mountain at 2,799.3m above sea level. Tuul, Kharaa, Eroo, Minj, Onon, Eg, Kherlen rivers and their tributaries run along the area, part of which is the Arctic Ocean basin and the other in the Pacific Ocean Basin. Fresh lakes are abundant. There are hot and cold springs with many healing medicines, such as Onon, Minj, Eroo, Zuu, Barkh and Zuu.
BALDAN BEREEVEN MONASTERY
The remains of Baldan Bereeven Monastery / Baldan Baraivun / are located in the Baruun Jargalant River valley Umnudelger sum, Khentii Province, 300 kilometers from Ulaanbaatar city. First established in 1654, the monastery grew to be one of the largest and most important in Mongolia at its height in the mid 19th century, housing up to 8000 monks. The site has also an esthetic value, since the monastery is surrounded by the picturesque, sacred mountains of the Khentii range: Munkh Ulziit, Arvan Gurvan Sansar, Bayan Baraat, and Bayan Khangai. It took nearly 76 years to complete the building construction, was started in 1700s and finished around 1776. For centuries the Baldan Bereeven monastery was famous throughout the "Ar Halha" region for its many scholars, lamas, artwork, and cultural treasures. The monastery and temple complex were destroyed by Mongolia’s communist regime in 1937. For over 60 years it was forbidden to visit the monastery. In 1990s a democracy in Mongolia, a number of monks reestablished some part of the monastery with the locals.
Deluun-Boldog, or Delun-Boldog is a site located in Dadal sum, Khentii province that is considered to be the birthplace of Genghis Khan. It’s a magnificent area of lakes, rivers and forests. There are two monuments dedicated to Chinggis Khan. One is a large rock in Deluun Boldog with an inscription in old Mongol script marking the birthplace of the Great Khan. The other monument was inaugurated in 1962 to commemorate the 800th anniversary of Chinggis Khan’s birth.